To demonstrate our findings from Chapter 8 of The Discourse of News Values we
commissioned a visualization from Laurence Anthony's AntLab Solutions, which shows the
combinations of news values as they are constructed across words and images in each text. We highly recommend that you read this chapter before exploring the visualization.
The Kaleidographic View of News Values demonstrates both intra- and inter-semiotic relations (within and across the visual and verbal modes) and intra- and inter-textual relations (both within a single text and across a number of texts – the 72 texts in the dataset used in Chapter 8). As a visualization tool, Kaleidographic is capable of dynamically demonstrating multiple relations and can be adapted for use with other types of data.
Scroll down to see instructions on how to control and manipulate the visualization.
By simply pressing ‘play’ you can watch the Kaleidographic scroll through our analysis of the construction of news values in each story and each element (in image, headline and opening paragraph). If you speed up the player (to 2 or 3), you get a more holistic view of the spread and combination of news values across the dataset (all 72 stories). Alternatively, you can use the ‘next’ button to explore the combination of news values in each story in turn (see Figure 1). [Note that the Kaleidographic gives you access to our analysis of the stories, rather than the stories themselves.]
If you are interested in exploring how specific news values co-occur, you can grey out those segments you are not interested in (by pressing CTRL+Click in the segment you want to eliminate) and then hit ‘play’ to see the relations you are interested in. Figure 2 is an example showing only the constructions of Negativity, Impact and Superlativeness.
Story #31 is an example of how newsworthiness accumulates across the modes: Negativity is constructed in all three elements (Image, Headline and Opening Paragraph), while Impact is only visually constructed and Superlativeness is only verbally constructed in this story.
Likewise, if you are interested in exploring how news values co-occur in specific elements (Image, Headline or OP), you can grey
out the layer you are not interested in (by pressing SHIFT+Click in a segment to grey out the whole layer), and then hit ‘play’ to see the relations you are interested in.
In Figure 3, the OP (Opening paragraph) layer is inactive, which allows the user to focus on how and when news values co-occur across image and headline in each story.
In this Kaleidographic we also account for the ‘possible’ construction of news values, as explained in Chapter 8. The ‘possible’ construction of news values is represented in the Kaleidographic as a less saturated version of the colour for a particular segment. Fully saturated colours indicate that this news value IS constructed. Empty (white) segments indicate that this news value is NOT constructed. Our coding manuals (available for download here) explain our use of ‘possible’ construction of news values in more detail.
Story #68 in Figure 4 shows the ‘possible’ construction of Personalization and Unexpectedness in the headline of this story.
Click here to begin exploring Kaleidographic.
Caple, H. and Bednarek, M. (2017) ‘How Kaleidographic works’. Discursive News Values Analysis (DNVA). http://www.newsvaluesanalysis.com/kaleidographic/how-kaleidographic-works/